Are Whales Carnivores: From Different Types Of Whales Aspects


Are Whales Carnivores: From Different Types Of Whales Aspects

Whales are mesmerizing creatures. They are goliaths, versatile, and have adapted for centuries to cope with the ocean environment. So, what about their food habits? Are they carnivorous?

Whales are carnivorous. From toothed whales to baleen whales, whales feed on smaller, sometimes microscopic, ocean creatures. However, what interests people the most is that some of the largest whales on our planet feed on almost microscopic prey. 

This article has been dedicated to exploring if all whales are carnivorous. We will be shedding light on the subject matter by considering the eating habits of different whales. Doing so will lead us to understand if feeding on other animals and creatures is common for the entire whale species. 

Are all whales carnivores?

A carnivore is someone who eats meat. Although the percentage of meat in their diet is significant, its very presence makes them predatory. The diets of whales differ depending on their suborder. So, are they all carnivores?

All whales are considered carnivorous. Their prey, on the other hand, is determined by their suborders. Baleen whales, for example, are toothless and eat microscopic sea creatures such as krill, planktons, and shrimp. Toothed whales, on the contrary, eat small fish, shrimp, squids, octopuses, and other sea creatures.

We must remember that, despite being carnivorous, whales do not consume the same meat that land animals do. Instead, the majority of them eat sea life.

To simplify things, we’ll consider whales carnivorous ocean mammals that eat (mostly) underwater food sources made up of living creatures.

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Are baleen whales carnivores?

Image Credit: Lions are terrestrial carnivores from Piqsels

Baleen whales are larger than toothed whales. These whales have baleen plates instead of possessing teeth. So, are baleen whales carnivorous too?

Baleen whales are carnivorous creatures. Do not get deceived by their baleen plates, as they use them to filter microscopic creatures like plankton, krill, shrimps, crabs, etc., from the ocean water. They gulp gallons of water before filtering in their food. 

Experts have discovered that the microbes in baleen whales’ guts, known as the microbiome, share characteristics with both herbivore and meat-eating predators when it comes to their diet. It shows that, despite the fact that these whales now primarily feed on living creatures, they evolved from plant-eating terrestrial ancestors. However, some microbes have been found in lions and tigers that actively eat meat.

Are blue whales carnivores?

Blue whales are enormous, with some reaching lengths of over 100 feet. They are enormous but gentle giants. These are baleen whales and have baleen plates instead of teeth.

Despite their lack of teeth, blue whales are carnivorous creatures. This whale consumes tonnes of krill every day to stay alive and maintain its weight. Krill, small crustaceans, and fish make up the majority of a blue whale’s diet.

Despite their carnivorous nature, blue whales are not considered apex predators. This is due to the fact that they do not eat larger animals or creatures. They are also non-aggressive. You might also be intrigued by knowing that blue whales eat microscopic photosynthesizers, which make up most ocean plant biomass.

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Are killer whales carnivores?

Killer whales are actually dolphins, not whales. These toothed mammals are among the most powerful predators on the planet.

Orcas. or killer whales are both carnivores. These creatures hunt in pods and are the only dolphin species that have been observed hunting great white sharks. Other than that, orcas eat seals, birds, smaller or baby whales, sea lions, penguins, and larger prey.

Orcas catch their prey with their sharp teeth, which can grow up to 4 inches long. The menus of resident and transient killer whales, on the other hand, differ. Resident orcas eat salmon, herring, and other fish. On the other hand, transient orcas prefer to hunt and eat seals and penguins, among other larger animals. 

Are humpback whales carnivores?

When it comes to swimming and breaching the water, humpback whales are incredible. Baleen whales, like humpback whales, have baleen plates instead of teeth.

The humpback whale is a carnivore. They are essentially filter feeders, as they have baleen plates and feed almost exclusively on plankton and krills. Whales also eat small fish such as mackerel, sandeel, capeline, and other species.

On the other hand, a humpback whale consumes nearly 4,400-5,500 lbs of plankton, krill, and small fish per day. On the other hand, these creatures hunt schools of fish using bubble net techniques.

Are beluga whales carnivores?

Beluga whales are one of the most unusual whales to see. They are toothed whales. Are beluga whales carnivores?

Beluga whales are opportunistic feeders and carnivorous. Belugas eat nearly 100 different types of ocean bottom-dwelling creatures. Sandworms, snails, crabs, octopus, and small fish like cod, herring, and other small fish are their favorite foods.

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A fascinating fact about beluga whales is that they use their teeth to grab rather than chew their prey. Belugas, on the other hand, swallow their prey whole.


So this was our presentation on if whales are carnivorous creatures. To conclude, we can state that all whales, baleen and toothed, are carnivorous and feed on other ocean creatures. Whales with teeth primarily use those to grab their prey, while baleen whales use baleen plates to filter feed plankton, krill, and other microscopic ocean life.

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