Crowned Eagle vs Bald Eagle: Exploring the Differences


Crowned Eagle vs Bald Eagle: Exploring the Differences

The Crowned Eagle and the Bald Eagle are both impressive birds of prey, but they have distinct characteristics and strengths that set them apart. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the unique features of these two majestic raptors and explore the key differences between them.

Appearance and Size

The Crowned Eagle is a larger and heavier bird compared to the Bald Eagle. Adult Crowned Eagles have a wingspan of 1.8 to 2 meters and weigh between 3 to 4.5 kilograms, with males being slightly smaller than females. In contrast, the Bald Eagle has a wingspan of 1.68 to 2.4 meters and a weight range of 3 to 6.3 kilograms.

While the Crowned Eagle has a striking plumage with a dark to rufous-tinged brown crown, a prominent black-tipped double crest, and a predominantly brown body, the Bald Eagle is known for its distinctive white head and tail, with a predominantly brown body.

Hunting Strategies and Prey

crowned eagle vs Bald EagleImage source: crowned eagle

The Crowned Eagle is considered one of the most powerful eagles in the world, with a grip strength of up to 425 psi, one of the strongest among all birds of prey. They primarily hunt mammals, including monkeys and small antelopes, and have been known to take prey up to the size of a small deer. Their powerful talons and agility allow them to surprise their prey from above.

On the other hand, the Bald Eagle is primarily a fish eater, although they also scavenge and occasionally hunt small mammals, birds, and reptiles. They have a sharp vision that enables them to spot prey from great heights, and their strong talons allow them to catch and carry their prey.

See also  Do Crowned Eagles Eat Ducks?

Habitat and Distribution

The Crowned Eagle is found in sub-Saharan Africa, primarily in forested areas, where they build their nests high up in the trees. They are known to be territorial and defend their hunting grounds fiercely.

The Bald Eagle, on the other hand, is the national bird of the United States and is found throughout North America, primarily near large bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, and coastal areas, where they can easily access their primary food source – fish.

Conservation Status

Both the Crowned Eagle and the Bald Eagle have faced threats to their populations, but their conservation statuses differ.

The Crowned Eagle is classified as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List, with a stable population trend. However, they face threats from habitat loss, hunting, and persecution by humans.

The Bald Eagle, once endangered, has made a remarkable recovery and is now classified as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List. Their population has increased significantly due to conservation efforts, including the banning of the pesticide DDT and the protection of their nesting sites.


The Crowned Eagle and the Bald Eagle are both magnificent birds of prey, each with their unique characteristics and strengths. While the Crowned Eagle is larger, more powerful, and primarily a hunter of mammals, the Bald Eagle is known for its impressive wingspan, sharp vision, and specialization in fishing. Understanding the differences between these two raptors can help us appreciate the diversity and adaptability of the natural world.